Fig. 1. Chamber arrangement and apertural face. Schematic, not to scale. In part after Hottinger, 2000. 1: planispiral-spiroliniform. 2: planispiral-evolute and flaring, peneropliform. 3: planispiral-evolute, approaching reniform, 4: annular-concentric, with thickened and folded margins, as in Marginopora vertebralis. 5: planispiral-involute, as in Archaias. 6: biserial – textulariid. 7: biserial-cuneiform. 8: uniserial-conical. 9: uniserial-conical with marginal apertures. 10: streptospiral-involute as in Pseudonummuloculina. Coiling axis rotating with each chamber. 11: streptospiral with planispiral-involute adult stage, as in Helenalveolina. 12: planispiral involute. Coiling axis fixed throughout ontogeny. 13: planispiral-fusiform: A: axial section, E: equatorial section. Black arrow: direction of growth; white arrow: direction of movement. 14: miliolid (-quinquelocular, -trilocular), with fixed apertural axis and with coiling axis rotating in perpendicular position in respect to apertural axis. 15: miliolid-bilocular with fixed apertural and coiling axes. 16: unilocular-concentric, with discoidal trematophore, as in Lacazina elongata. 17: unilocular-concentric with annular trematophore, as in Lacazina compressa. 18: low-trochospiral, as in Rotorbinella. 19: high-trochospiral, as in Sakesaria; a: aperture; af: apertural face; apax: apertural axis; col: columella; fol: folium; ma: marginal aperture; n: notch; per: periphery; potort: polar torsion; pst: peristome; spax: coiling axis; (Hottinger, 2006; fig. 37  CC/BY-NC-SA)
- according to Hottinger (2006):
STREPTOSPIRAL ARRANGEMENT - coiled in successively changing planes, like a ball of twine (Fig. 1.10-11).
Hottinger (2000), Functional morphology of benthic foraminiferal shells, envelopes of cells beyond measure, In: Lee J.J. & Hallock P. (eds.), Advances in biology of Foraminifera, Micropaleontology, New York, vol. 46, suppl. 1, p. 57-86.
Hottinger (2006), Illustrated glossary of terms used in foraminiferal research. Carnets de Géologie, Memoir 2, ISSN 1634-0744.
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