Classification of Foraminifera

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This is the most recent classification of Foraminifera based on molecular phylogenetics supplemented by morphological data (see Pawlowski et al. 2013)


  • Rhizaria Cavalier-Smith 2002 emend.
    • Retaria Cavalier-Smith 2002
      • Phyllum Foraminifera (d'Orbigny 1826)
        • Monothalamids” Pawlowski et al. 2003
        • Class Tubothalamea Pawlowski, Holzmann & Tyszka 2013
          • Order Miliolida Delage & Hérouard 1896
          • Order Spirillinida Hohenegger & Piller 1975
          • Order Ammodiscidae Reuss 1862
          • Order Involutinida Hohenegger and Piller 1977 Incertae sedis (probably belongs to Tubothalamea)
        • Class Globothalamea Pawlowski, Holzmann & Tyszka 2013
          • Order Rotaliida Delage & Hérouard 1896
          • Order Globigerinida Delage & Hérouard 1896
          • Order Robertinida Loeblich & Tappan 1984
          • Order Textulariida Delage & Hérouard 1896
          • Order Carterina Brady 1884 syn. Carterinida Loeblich & Tappan 1981
        • Incertae sedis orders:
          • Lagenida Delage & Hérouard 1896
          • Fusulinida Wedekind 1937



Source: Pawlowski J., Holzmann M., Tyszka J., 2013. New supraordinal classification of Foraminifera: Molecules meet morphology. Marine Micropaleontology, available online 17 April 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.04.002