Fig. 1. Standard dimorphic or trimorphic reproductive cycle in benthic, medium- to large-sized foraminifera according to Goldstein, 1999. Schizogeny, eventually repeated several times, may be widespread in larger foraminifera from oligotrophic habitats. Planktic foraminifera seem to have no dimorphic life cycle. Life cycles are linked in various ways to seasonal cycles. Example: Heterostegina depressa d'Orbigny, equatorial sections, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea (from Hottinger, 1977); (Hottinger, 2006; fig. 5  CC/BY-NC-SA)
- according to Hottinger (2006):
MEGALOSPHERE – the large proloculus in di- or trimorphic species; a defining characteristic for gamonts and schizonts in contrast to the microsphere of the agamont.
Goldstein (1999), Foraminifera, a biological overview. In: Sen Gupta B.K. (ed.), Modern Foraminifera, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dortrecht, p. 37-55.
Hottinger (2006), Illustrated glossary of terms used in foraminiferal research. Carnets de Géologie, Memoir 2, ISSN 1634-0744.
| Foraminifera | FORAM-Links | Contributors |