Fig. 1. Alveolar exoskeleton and polygonal network. A-C: simple alveolar layer in Everticyclammina virguliana (Koechlin), Mechra Klila, Northeastern Morocco, Uppermost Jurassic. A: stereograph, schematic, not to scale. B: tangential section. Note the large size of the alveoles in a postseptal position. C: para-equatorial, non-centered section showing septa and the basal coat at the bottom of the chamber, resembling a basal layer. E-G: polygonal network in Spirocyclinidae. E: Choffatella tingitana Hottinger, megalospheric generation, in tangential section near to the equatorial plane. Note the clear differentiation of beams and rafters. D: stereograph of spirocyclinid polygonal network. Note the curved pigeon holes in preseptal position which in axial section might be mistaken for foramina. F-G: extension of beams into a corrugated sheet that replaces endoskeletal pillars in Hottingertidae. F: stereograph representing a part of an axial section. Not to scale. G: Alveosepta powersi (Redmond), Northeastern Morocco, Upper Jurassic. Equatorial section of megalospheric specimen. alv: alveoles; b: beam; bl: basal layer; corr: corrugated median extension of beams; f: foramen; ph: pigeon holes; s: septum; sf: supplementary foramina; sph: sphaeroconch; ssut: septal suture. Arrows: direction of growth. After Hottinger, 1967.; (Hottinger, 2006; fig. 45  CC/BY-NC-SA)
- according to Hottinger (2006):
EPIDERM - the thin, outermost coat of a foraminiferal non-lamellar, imperforate chamber wall if it differs in texture from that of the inner layers. Present in all exoskeletons consisting of a polygonal network as in orbitolinids (s.str.) and spirocyclinids. May be homologous with the tectum of fusulinids.
Hottinger (1967), Foraminifères imperforés du Mésozoïque marocain, Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique, Rabat, N° 209, p. 5-168
Hottinger (2006), Illustrated glossary of terms used in foraminiferal research. Carnets de Géologie, Memoir 2, ISSN 1634-0744
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